TreeviewCopyright © levywang123@gmail.com 2020 all right reserved, powered by aleen42

自定义主题

1.安装「主题生成工具」

由于主题工具需要依赖于 node-sass,而node-sass版本兼容性并不好,对应 node 版本可能不兼容直接执行npm i element-theme -g所安装的版本,因此需要自行先安装对应 node 版本的node-sass.

对应版本如下

NodeJS Minimum node-sass version Node Module
Node 14 4.14+ 83
Node 13 4.13+ 79
Node 12 4.12+ 72
Node 11 4.10+ 67
Node 10 4.9+ 64
Node 8 4.5.3+ 57

因为我这里的 node 版本是 12.18.1

# 先安装node-sass
set SASS_BINARY_SITE=https://npm.taobao.org/mirrors/node-sass/

npm install node-sass@4.12.0 --save

npm i element-theme -g

特别说明: 若出现 gyp verb check python checking for Python executable "python" in the PATH 错误时。可执行,出现 all done 就算安装完成。

npm install -g node-gyp
npm install --global --production windows-build-tools

2.安装白垩主题

可以从 npm 安装或者从 GitHub 拉取最新代码。

# 从 npm
npm i element-theme-chalk -D

# 从 GitHub
npm i https://github.com/ElementUI/theme-chalk -D

3.新建颜色挑选组件

注意:ORIGINAL_THEME 值不能改变,否则默认按钮颜色不会改变。

代码如下:

<template>
    <el-tooltip effect="dark" content="换肤" placement="bottom">
        <el-color-picker class="theme-picker" popper-class="theme-picker-dropdown" v-model="theme" :size="size"> </el-color-picker>
    </el-tooltip>
</template>

<script>
const version = require('element-ui/package.json').version // element-ui version from node_modules
const ORIGINAL_THEME = '#409EFF' // default color

export default {
    name: 'ThemePicker',
    props: {
        default: {
            // 初始化主题,可由外部传入
            type: String,
            default: null,
        },
        size: {
            // 初始化主题,可由外部传入
            type: String,
            default: 'small',
        },
    },
    data() {
        return {
            chalk: '', // content of theme-chalk css
            theme: ORIGINAL_THEME,
            showSuccess: true, // 是否弹出换肤成功消息
        }
    },
    mounted() {
        if (this.default != null) {
            this.theme = this.default
            this.$emit('onThemeChange', this.theme)
            this.showSuccess = false
        }
    },
    watch: {
        theme(val, oldVal) {
            if (typeof val !== 'string') return
            const themeCluster = this.getThemeCluster(val.replace('#', ''))
            const originalCluster = this.getThemeCluster(oldVal.replace('#', ''))
            const getHandler = (variable, id) => {
                return () => {
                    const originalCluster = this.getThemeCluster(ORIGINAL_THEME.replace('#', ''))
                    const newStyle = this.updateStyle(this[variable], originalCluster, themeCluster)

                    let styleTag = document.getElementById(id)
                    if (!styleTag) {
                        styleTag = document.createElement('style')
                        styleTag.setAttribute('id', id)
                        document.head.appendChild(styleTag)
                    }
                    styleTag.innerText = newStyle
                }
            }

            const chalkHandler = getHandler('chalk', 'chalk-style')

            if (!this.chalk) {
                const url = `https://unpkg.com/element-ui@${version}/lib/theme-chalk/index.css`
                this.getCSSString(url, chalkHandler, 'chalk')
            } else {
                chalkHandler()
            }

            const styles = [].slice.call(document.querySelectorAll('style')).filter((style) => {
                const text = style.innerText
                return new RegExp(oldVal, 'i').test(text) && !/Chalk Variables/.test(text)
            })
            styles.forEach((style) => {
                const { innerText } = style
                if (typeof innerText !== 'string') return
                style.innerText = this.updateStyle(innerText, originalCluster, themeCluster)
            })

            // 响应外部操作
            this.$emit('onThemeChange', val)
            if (this.showSuccess) {
                this.$message({
                    message: '换肤成功',
                    type: 'success',
                })
            } else {
                this.showSuccess = true
            }
        },
    },
    methods: {
        updateStyle(style, oldCluster, newCluster) {
            let newStyle = style
            oldCluster.forEach((color, index) => {
                newStyle = newStyle.replace(new RegExp(color, 'ig'), newCluster[index])
            })
            return newStyle
        },

        getCSSString(url, callback, variable) {
            const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest()
            xhr.onreadystatechange = () => {
                if (xhr.readyState === 4 && xhr.status === 200) {
                    this[variable] = xhr.responseText.replace(/@font-face{[^}]+}/, '')
                    callback()
                }
            }
            xhr.open('GET', url)
            xhr.send()
        },

        getThemeCluster(theme) {
            const tintColor = (color, tint) => {
                let red = parseInt(color.slice(0, 2), 16)
                let green = parseInt(color.slice(2, 4), 16)
                let blue = parseInt(color.slice(4, 6), 16)

                if (tint === 0) {
                    // when primary color is in its rgb space
                    return [red, green, blue].join(',')
                } else {
                    red += Math.round(tint * (255 - red))
                    green += Math.round(tint * (255 - green))
                    blue += Math.round(tint * (255 - blue))

                    red = red.toString(16)
                    green = green.toString(16)
                    blue = blue.toString(16)

                    return `#${red}${green}${blue}`
                }
            }

            const shadeColor = (color, shade) => {
                let red = parseInt(color.slice(0, 2), 16)
                let green = parseInt(color.slice(2, 4), 16)
                let blue = parseInt(color.slice(4, 6), 16)

                red = Math.round((1 - shade) * red)
                green = Math.round((1 - shade) * green)
                blue = Math.round((1 - shade) * blue)

                red = red.toString(16)
                green = green.toString(16)
                blue = blue.toString(16)

                return `#${red}${green}${blue}`
            }

            const clusters = [theme]
            for (let i = 0; i <= 9; i++) {
                clusters.push(tintColor(theme, Number((i / 10).toFixed(2))))
            }
            clusters.push(shadeColor(theme, 0.1))
            return clusters
        },
    },
}
</script>

<style>
.theme-picker .el-color-picker__trigger {
    vertical-align: middle;
}

.theme-picker-dropdown .el-color-dropdown__link-btn {
    display: none;
}
</style>

然后在 vuex 对应 vue 模块中,添加颜色管理的状态值。

在 头部添加 颜色选择的组件,供全局选择,代码如下:

import ThemePicker from '@/components/ThemePicker'
//引入组件
components: { ThemePicker },

//使用
<theme-picker
:default="themeColor"
@onThemeChange="onThemeChange">
</theme-picker>


methods: {
     // 切换主题方法
     onThemeChange (themeColor)
    {
         this.$store.commit("setThemeColor", themeColor);
    }
} //将颜色用状态管理器管理。

在每次颜色改变时,设置到 state.themeColor 上,在各个需要改变皮肤的地方,从 state 中取出来,然后赋值进去。

Copyright © levywang123@gmail.com 2020 all right reserved,powered by Gitbook该文章修订时间: 2020-08-13 14:08:05

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